Kidney Function & Importance: Consequences of a Kidney Failure

Kidney Function and Importance: The Consequences of a Kidney Failure

Kidneys are bean-shaped organs found on either side of the body. These are two in quantity and are located at the bottom of your rib cage. Each kidney is made up of many functioning components called nephrons.

A nephron is made up of a glomerulus connected to a tubule. These glomeruli are tiny blood vessel filtration units. Filtration occurs when blood reaches the glomerulus, and the filtered fluid is delivered to the tubule.

Water and chemicals are either added to or withdrawn from the fluid inside the tubule. This function is carried out in response to your body’s requirements. When this procedure is finished, the remaining waste fluid is expelled from your body in the form of urine.

The kidneys conduct the job of filtering toxins and restoring fluid to the circulation every 24 hours. Our kidneys filter around 200 quarts of fluids every day. Around 198 quarts of fluid are retrieved, while the remaining two quarts are expelled from the body.

The significance of having healthy kidneys

One of the most important jobs of the kidneys is to eliminate excess fluids and metabolic wastes from the body in the form of urine.

Urine is produced by a series of intricate mechanisms that include re-absorption and excretion. This mechanism is critical for maintaining chemical equilibrium in your body.

The kidneys regulate important bodily fluids such as salt, potassium, and acid-base balance.

The kidneys also create hormones that influence other organs in the body. For example, the kidneys create a hormone that encourages the body’s synthesis of red blood cells. Another hormone generated by the kidneys aids in calcium metabolism and blood pressure regulation.

Kidneys conduct vital duties in the body, such as eliminating waste products and extra fluid through urine, maintaining blood pressure, and producing red blood cells.

When you acquire renal failure, the kidneys are no more able to operate properly. Kidney failure might suggest that:

  • Approximately 85-90 percent of the kidneys have been destroyed.
  • Your kidneys are not working properly enough to help you survive.

Even though there is no solution for kidney damage, early detection and treatment can help you live a long life.

There are several sorts of therapy options for renal failure. The treatment you receive is determined by the causes and degree of your renal failure. Among the common therapy options are:


Dialysis involves replacing one of your kidneys’ most important functions: blood cleansing and filtering. The blood is filtered and cleansed using a machine.

Due to the type of dialysis recommended in your circumstance, you may be linked to either fixed or portable dialysis equipment. In addition to dialysis, your doctor may advise you to maintain a low-salt and low-potassium diet.

Although regular dialysis will not heal your kidney failure, it will help you live longer if you choose it.


The specialist may conduct a kidney transplant depending on the severity. You will not need dialysis in such circumstances.

You may have to wait for ages for a donor kidney that is suitable for your blood group. However, if you already have a live donor, the procedure may be sped up.

In addition, your doctor may prescribe immunosuppressive medicines to reduce the chance of organ rejection following the transplant. For certain patients, a kidney transplant may not be the best therapeutic choice. There is a danger that the transplant will fail. You can explore this with your doctor, who may be able to recommend the best treatment choice for you.