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What is coronavirus?

Corona viruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is a new virus causing infectious disease and has affected almost all the countries of the world. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.


Below are a few common symptoms of COVID-19

  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Dry Cough
  • Runny Nose
  • Sore Throat
  • Congestion

These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing.

How does COVID-19 spread?

COVID-19 spreads from one positive person to another through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Any person/s who then come in contact with these objects or surfaces and touch their eyes,nose or mouth will get infected. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to maintain social distancing and stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

What is community spread of COVID-19?

COVID-19 entered most countries through people who had travel history and got infected while visiting a place where COVID-19 had already spread its tentacles. Community spread indicates the presence of the infection in an area where individuals may not necessarily have a history of travel and who are not sure how or where they became infected.

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